The project aims to improve the incomes and food security of rural families in selected districts by improving (i) the quantity and quality of tree cash-crop production for coffee, cocoa and cashew,(ii) reducing transaction costs,
(iii) maximising the efficiency and effectiveness of the value chain. By providing grants to grantees to promote the quality of cashew, cocoa and coffee. This is to a large extent enhanced the overall production interms of quantity and quality of the produce of the three tree crops.
This will be supplemented by organising stakeholders and private sector actors along the Agricultural Value Chains (AVC) and building capacities where required (result 3). Supporting processes for the AVC will be concentrated in supporting the identification and dissemination of improved vegetal materials (IVM) and establish functioning extension services to support cashew, cocoa and coffee farmers in improving husbandry and basic processing techniques (result 4).
To support policy formulation and the planning and implementation of tree-crop programmes at Local Government and at National Level, the respective planning and M&E systems and processes have to be established and capacities built to operate these systems (result 2). Where required, the legal framework will be improved to promote the three tree crop AVCs.
The project is implemented by a Project Coordination Unit under the auspice of the MAFFS. The Project Supervisor is the MAFFS. Activities related to result 3 to 5 will be implemented under programme estimates. The implementation started in June 2012 and will end until 10th March 2015. The project is implemented in six Districts-Bombali, Port Loko & Kambia (cashew) – Kenema, Kailahun and Kono (Cocoa and Coffee).
The A4D Project is implemented in the six districts of Bombali, Kambia and Port Loko in the Northern Province and, Kenema, Kono and Kailahun in the Eastern Province. The project is gradually transforming the lives and alleviating the poverty of Cocoa, Coffee and Cashew farmers.
In 2014 farming season, the project supported farmers were able to demonstrate much greater resilience to the Ebola virus disease by being able to continue their farming activities. A recent monitoring visit to the Eastern province show that despite the Ebola epidemic, work on the plantations continued almost as normal and the notion that the rural poor have a dependent attitude, unambitious and sometimes assistance provided to help them would provoke a greater sense of dependency, was not found to be valid. For instance, both WHH and NRI that serve in the capacity of the A4D project grant contractors provided support for the rehabilitation of 0.2 ha during the 2014 farming season, and suprisingly it was found out that most farmers worked five times more than the support provided by the project.
A total of 2,918,000 cocoa seedlings were transplanted, 4,050 ha of plantations rehabilitated and 6000 farmers registered for UTZ certification. On the other hand, 468,000 seedlings of coffee already raised will mature for transplanting next year and 674 ha of coffee plantations were rehabilitated. Cashew, which is new and is yet in the early stages of being recognised as a viable important cash crop registered 827 ha of new plantations that were established during the 2014 farming season.